Mozambique During the Corona Pandemic

Mosambik während der Corona-Pandemie

In Mozambique, the government officially confirmed the first Corona case on 22 March 2020, and the provinces of Nampula, Cabo Delgado and Maputo City are the most active Covid 19 cases in the country.

Arrangements Made by the Government

Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi, declared a state of emergency for the first time on 30 March 2020. This has now been extended until the end of June 2020, for the time being.

Thanks to the quick reaction of the Mozambican government, the number of infections could be kept low. The number of Covid-19-infected persons was a very manageable eight (as of 30 March 2020). Of these, two became infected through local transmission and six became infected abroad.

Prevention Against the Coronavirus

After the first confirmed case of corona in Mozambique, the Mozambican government ordered the observance of hygiene rules. Further protective measures followed:

  • Closure of schools,
  • Issuance of visas suspended, entrants must enter a 14-day quarantine,
  • Warning of crowds,
  • Prohibition of public and private events, with the exception of unavoidable state affairs,
  • Closure of public markets.

Further restrictions apply to:

  • the internal movement of people,
  • entry into the country, except for the transport of goods and merchandise by accredited operators or for health reasons.

A new test laboratory will be established in Nampula Province by mid-July 2020. At the moment, tests can only be carried out in Maputo, the capital of Mozambique.

Impact on Tourism

The tourism industry is one of the sectors of the economy that has suffered most from the Corona crisis. After all, it is not only in Mozambique that people have to stay mainly within their own four walls, but also in many other countries.
For example, the government in Mozambique suspended domestic tourism right at the beginning of the state of emergency. Beach holidays are only allowed for regional residents, max. two persons or family members living in the same household.
In the province of Inhambane, located in the south of Mozambique, the tourism sector employs the largest number of workers. Due to the Covid 19 pandemic, almost half of the workers in Inhambane alone are laid off. For these more than 5,000 people affected, the tourism association is asking the government for support. In particular, the continuation of wages for several months is to be negotiated.

General and Social Problems

In Mozambique, about one in two people live below the poverty line, the vast majority of them from agriculture. As a result, there is a close bond between families and between people, as they are dependent on each other for support. However, social contacts are severely restricted by the corona virus. It is not surprising that people find it particularly difficult to avoid habits such as shaking hands, kissing or hugging. Family meetings and events that are important for society must also be suspended for the time being. In addition, many people are dependent on selling their products at the markets or going to work. Public transport also causes Mozambique great problems. The buses in the cities are overcrowded anyway – the distance regulations increase the difficulties.
In Mozambique there are no state social benefits as we know it from Germany. For this reason, the population organises many neighbourhood fundraising campaigns throughout the country. In these campaigns, population groups that have been hit particularly hard financially are supplied with basic food, water and hygiene articles. Schools also need help in providing food for their children in order to avoid dropping out of school.
The long period of drought has led to a shortage of staple foods, particularly in Inhambane province. Added to this is the rise in food prices due to the Corona crisis.

#WirBleibenZuHause #StayAtHome #FiqueEmCasa #NuFikaNaKaza

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